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About Amritsar

Amritsar, the capital and cultural center of the Punjab state in India's northern region, was founded in 1577 by Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru of the Sikhs. This city, which remains a significant religious center for Sikhs, is also home to the Golden Temple, their most important pilgrimage site. The Golden Temple, revered as one of India's holiest and most beautiful shrines, attracts many visitors, both Sikhs and tourists from around the country and the world.
Situated in the northern part of India, Amritsar is a border city located just 50 kilometers away from the Pakistan border. With a population of over one million, it serves as the largest city in the Punjab state. Due to its strategic location at the crossroads of road and rail networks connecting New Delhi with other parts of the country, Amritsar remains bustling throughout the year.
Amritsar stands out among Indian cities for preserving an authentic and mystical atmosphere. It features labyrinthine streets reflecting classic Indian architecture, historic houses renowned for their captivating wooden craftsmanship, and bustling spice-scented street markets. Notable places to visit in Amritsar include the Khalsa College, a masterpiece by architect Ram Singh, Jallianwala Bagh Garden, the site of the 1919 Amritsar massacre, the grand Gobindgarh Fort opened to the public in 2017, the Partition Museum narrating India's division and historical migration, the Mata Temple dedicated to the revered Lal Devi, the intricate Durgiana Temple showcasing remarkable architecture, and the Maharaja Ranjit Singh Summer Palace.
Amritsar draws millions of visitors annually, not only due to the revered Golden Temple, a yearly pilgrimage site for Sikhs but also because of the sacred Durgiana Temple, which attracts Hindus. The city serves as a significant trading hub for various goods like carpets, textiles, and jewelry, with its authentic bazaars offering a plethora of choices.
Sitting at an elevation of only 232 meters above sea level, Amritsar experiences a warm and temperate climate throughout the year. The city's average annual temperature is around 23 degrees Celsius. During the summer months, temperatures can soar up to 40 degrees Celsius, accompanied by intense rain showers in every season.

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